Sardinia, formerly called Sandaliotis (name of Greek origin, its shape is reminds of a footprint), is one of the oldest lands in the western basin and is believed to have been formed by the fusion of fragments of a very ancient continent. spectacular and incomparable island shows a great variety of forms. Sardinia is a surprising set of diversities originated by its complex naturalistic, historical and cultural richness, since, since the most remote times, it constituted a meeting point for the cultures of the many peoples who landed and colonized the coasts. , between Alghero and Olbia you will find a rich alternation of inlets and beaches and the landscape is mainly rocky. A fantastic journey along the jagged northern coasts of Sardinia, where nature has been admirably shaped by a civilization that has its roots in the cultures of the first Mediterranean peoples. In front of Palau, rises the Archipelago of La Maddalena, an unquestionable attraction of extraordinary beauty, from where, going up to the highest point, Guardia Vecchia, you can enjoy the panorama of all the islands of the archipelago up to Corsica.
THE MADDALENA ARCHIPELAGO
In the short stretch of sea of the Bocche di Bonifacio that divides Sardinia from Corsica, there are a myriad of islands and islets, which form the Maddalena archipelago, considered an authentic masterpiece of nature. They are grouped in oriental (Santo Stefano, La Maddalena, Caprera, with the Monaci islets, Sperduti di Caprera, Pecora, Porco, Delle Bisce, Chiesa, Della Paura, Cappuccini) and western (Spargi, Budelli, Razzoli, Santa Maria, with small islands Spargiotto, Spargiottello, Barrettini, Barrettinelli, Corcelli, La Presa, Paduleddi). The archipelago is characterized by various forms of granite, shaped by atmospheric agents with the phenomenon of "tafoni", rounded boulders that often give rise to fantastic shapes, entirely excavated by a process of crumbling of the rock from the inside towards the outside, one of the best known among the tafoni is that of Capo d'Orso on the Sardinian coast near Palau. The island of La Maddalena is the largest by extension, mostly flat. The town of La Maddalena develops along the southern coast, bordered to the west by the promontory of Punta Tegge and to the east by the wide Cala Camicia and Punta Moneta, facing about five hundred meters away, is the island of Santo Stefano. The natural environment has remained wild and its coasts hide small beaches overlooking a fabulous sea. Heading north, the coast again enters the coves of Spalmatore and Porto Massimo; from here the promontory of Marginetto extends with the homonymous Punta which is the northernmost of La Maddalena. The coast then descends towards the southwest, forming the deep gulf of Monti di Rena with the peninsula of Abbatoggia, here the granite is minutely minced by the violent west wind, forming large sand dunes. The same phenomenon is repeated a little further south, after the Punta Abbatoggia and a small island of the same name, in the area of Spiaggia Bassa or Trinita, where the sandy landscape is even more fascinating, with fine white sand dunes. The coast continues with the steep massif of Guardia Majore, wedged a little further on in Cala d´Inferno, jagged and rocky and goes back to the west, then bends decidedly south with Punta Testiccioli. The whole area is among the most inaccessible and the granite shows the signs of the storming sea attacked by the western winds. A good shelter is constituted by Cala Francese, a little further south, which is overlooked by a large granite quarry located near famous beaches and some smaller islets like Lavezzi and Cavallo.
Despite being smaller by extension to La Maddalena, it has a coastal development 45.5 km higher, due to the constitution of the long and narrow granite promontory that extends up to the Punta Rossa, site since 1887 of a base of the Navy. The extreme southern coast of Caprera is an area of marked weakness and morphological instability; a deep ingression of the sea forms the wonderful Porto Palma. The entire eastern coast of Caprera and the northern coast are impressive, almost inaccessible, highly suggestive and beautiful granite cliffs formed by the steepest slope of the long Monte Teialone massif.
The Asinara Island located in the north-western part of Sardinia has a land area of about 5,200 hectares. It boasts a sea area of 21,000 ha, and a coastline of 110 km. Owned by the state, it falls entirely within the territory of the municipality of Porto Torres. It has a length of 17.5 km, a maximum width of 6.14 km. The western part is characterized by high schistose cliffs, steep rocky slopes with numerous landslides full of ravines, gullies and cracks, while the eastern part is composed of large inlets and small beaches with coarse sands, typical of the granite morphology mainly from large rocky outcrops. Famous for its unique landscape and environmental beauties, but also and above all for its fauna, there are many species present on the island, some very rare and endangered.
The south of Corsica is separated from Sardinia by the legendary Bocche di Bonifacio, a strait of just a few miles. The coast, together with the turquoise and transparent sea, the immense granite peaks, the vast forests, the plateaus and the limestone slopes, form one of the most surprising regions of the island. Bonifacio marks the southern end of Corsica is a Mediterranean city situated in a tortuous area, with its ancient quarters on top of the white cliffs overlooking the sea and the "porto a calanco" - a deep inlet limited by steep cliffs - which almost separates it from the mainland. Bonifacio is a popular tourist center among the most demanding island visitors. Portovecchio, an ancient Genoese citadel located near famous beaches and some smaller islets like Lavezzi and Cavallo.