AEGADIAN AND PELAGIE ISLANDS
The Egadi Islands are formed by an archipelago of three islands to the west of Sicily, including Favignana, Levanzo and Marettimo. The Pelagie islands are located in the south of Sicily, closer to Tunisia than Italy and include Lampedusa, Linosa and Lampione.
It is the largest of the Aegadian and owes its name to the wind Favonio. Its shape is reminiscent of a butterfly with its wings spread out, consisting of the two plains, one in the west called Bosco and the other to the east called la Piana. The island is famous for tuna fishing: every year in the period from April to July the tradition of the Tonnara and the Mattanza is renewed. The only inhabited center, which rises in an inlet called Cala Principale, extended from Punta Faraglione to Punta S. Nicola, is also the port, well sheltered from the winds of the II and III quadrant but exposed to the winds from the north. The cobbled streets, the picturesque Piazza della Madrice with its cafés and the charm of the old port make Favignana a delightful stopover.
It is the smallest of the three Egadi islands, the one with the least number of inhabitants and the almost total lack of vehicles. Definitely worth a visit is the Grotta del Genovese, where there are traces of the first human settlements in the Egadi islands. The population is condensed in a very pretty village that rises on the southern coast of the island, in a cove called Cala Dogana. This port, the only point of disembarkation, is unforgettable, but sheltered only with winds between the west and the north.
Known as the "Black Pearl of the Mediterranean" for its lava rocks, the island is located 35 mg north of Palermo. With volcanic origin, it is the emerging tip of an underwater volcano. From its complex geological events depend the beauty of the coasts and the seabed. Every corner of the island reveals unique landscapes of extraordinary charm and naturalistic interest. Santa Maria, main town of Ustica, is the only center of the island with just over a thousand inhabitants, the natural harbor is protected by a quay docked inside.
It is the southernmost point of Italy, with a completely African look. Suggestive points of the island, Cala Pulcino, Cala Gatugia, and Cala Galera are mandatory stops for those who want to swim in a sea that will not forget. The landscape seen from the ground and not to be missed, the houses have the same structure as the Maghreb houses, while the scarce vegetation recalls the pre-desert steppe. The beach of the Rabbits, with its white sand has shades of blue and green make it unique in the world. The port (Cala Salina) is a large natural inlet, partly a quay.
The scenery that appears and that of a fairytale country, the lava has literally built the island and its beaches, among rocks, stacks, coves and overhangs the sea takes on all the shades and shades of blue to outline an equally nature suggestive. The only road that runs through the island among colorful houses is dotted with palm trees and bougainvillea, but there are few shops where you can find the necessary.
A volcanic island born from the abysses, the sea that surrounds it appropriates all the shades and shades of blue, from the lighter and more crystalline shades to the more intense and deep ones. Black for the color of the lava stone it is rich in vegetation, the most famous cultivation is that of the Zibibbo grapes from which the prized Moscato Passito is extracted. There are a total of six landings on the island: the main one is Pantelleria Country; then there are Scauri, Porto Dietro Isola, Cala di Levante, Cala di Tramontana and Campobello. Rich in thermal springs that flow with temperatures that can reach 70 ° C, also characteristic gardens surrounded by walls to protect them from the winds that sometimes blow impetuously and the Mirror of Venus, a pond of about 500 m in diameter fed by underground springs.